Sahara sand in Europe, Cyclone Gombe in Mozambique, weather news around the world in mid-March 2022 03/16/2022

Sand dust concentration in Europe from Monday 14 March to Wednesday 16 March 2022 – via Meteo France

Europe:

Time compared to the last two weeks on the continent. Eastern Europe suffered from especially cold atmosphere due to the polar air mass continuously flowing from Russia.

Animation of 850 hPa temperature over Europe from 16 to 19 March 2022 – GFS model via WX CHARTS

This cold has already shown lively over the last week on the Ukrainian side with minimum sometimes below -10/-15°C in the north of the country is cold, which must still increase in the coming days.

Minimum temperatures recorded in Europe on March 12, 2022 –Ogimet

This wave of cold also spread to the southeast of the continent from severe frosts were observed up to Cyprus March 14th. We were really able to raise -11.1°C on the Troodos mountain (1725 m) or even -7.6°C in Prodromos (1360 m), from new monthly records for the sector.

Further east, the cold air circulating over the Black Sea caused new snowfall to istanbul between March 11 and 13, sometimes laying a noticeable layer on the ground at the heights of the city.

Snowfall in Istanbul on March 11, 2022 – Via Twitter: @dunyayiikesfet

Snowfalls were also of great importance in the reliefs of southern Italy and the Balkans with a few tens of centimeters from a low altitude in many sectors, something unusual in the month of March.

Snowy slopes of Etna March 10, 2022 – Via Twitter @MIF_76

Further west is powerful stream from the south which has emerged between North Africa and Western Europe in recent days at the edge of a low pressure area descending from the Atlantic towards Morocco. This South Stream has spawned the rise of a very large amount of sand dust from the Saharaespecially between Spain, Portugal and France.

Sand dust concentration in Europe from Monday 14 March to Wednesday 16 March 2022 – via Meteo France

If this event usually happens several times a year, then it is especially celebrated in mid-March with orange sky a very impressive phenomenon observed on March 14 in southern Spain.

A sky covered in sand from the Sahara on March 14, 2022 in Mojacar, southern Spain. – Photo: Barry Lester

These large quantities of sand present in the atmosphere were also clearly visible in the Europa satellite image on March 15 and should still persist for the next few days.

A satellite image showing lots of Sahara sand dust in the skies of Europe on March 15, 2022. –NASA

America:

Spring is gradually coming across North America as the last significant snowfall occurred in early March in Quebec and the Montreal area.

The return of the sun after several days of snowfall in Montreal on March 4th. – Photo for Meteo-Cities

Farther south, conflicts between the polar air still present further north and the softer air coming from the Gulf of Mexico have given rise to several strong violent degradations over the USA. Several tornadoes were observed in Iowa on the afternoon of March 5. One of them reached the category EF-4 at Wintersetcausing significant damage to the area.

A towering EF-4 tornado near Winterset, Iowa on March 5, 2022 – Via Twitter: @aaronjayjack

This tornado also caused death of 6 people, including two childrendoes deadliest tornado in that state since 2008.

House demolished in Winterset after a tornado passed on March 5, 2022 – Through WUNC

In the western United States, on the contrary, drought which increases over and over again. Some industries have experienced the driest January-February since the beginning of registration (127 years of measurements), in particular between California And Nevada.

Rainfall between January and February 2022 over the western United States. – PRISM

In the south of the continent, the heat was especially noticeable at the end of February, especially between Brazil and Argentina with many monthly records broken. February 27, we were able to raise up to 43.5°C at Resistencia in Argentina, 42.8°C in Formosa or Corrientes or even 42.1°С in Monte Caseros (absolute record for all months combined).

Maximum temperatures recorded on February 27, 2022 – Via Ogimet and Twitter @Ekmeteo

On the Chilean side, massive wildfires engulfed the Valparaiso region in early March, forcing the evacuation of thousands of people threatened by the blaze. In less than a week, several hundred hectares burned in the area.

Major fire near Valparaiso March 1, 2022 – Via Twitter @bomberpig

Africa:

In recent days, the weather on the African continent has been inclement. Near Morocco, the arrival of a depression from the Atlantic caused the establishment of a very strong south wind and the rise several severe sandstorms between 13 and 15 March.

Sandstorm in Oujda in Morocco, March 14, 2022 – Via Twitter @OrientaleMorocco

From the Indian Ocean, Storm Gombe intensified over the warm waters of the Mozambique Channel after hitting Madagascar during the week of March 7-13. He quickly reached Category 3 tropical cyclone stage before reaching the west coast of Mozambique between 10 and 11 March.

A color satellite image from March 10, 2022 showing the arrival of Cyclone Gombe over Mozambique. –EUMETSAT

This cyclone then hit very hard across most of Mozambique with gusts exceeding 180 km/h on the coast, but above all massive flood. More than 400 000 people were affected by the hurricane and at least 20 victims should be regretted.

Floods after the passage of the Gombe over Mozambique – Through the World Meteorological Organization

On the margins of these riots, the Arabian Peninsula has experienced early heatstroke over the past week with particularly high temperatures for this period. March 11, we were able to raise up to 42.1°С in the United Arab Emirates, 42°С in Dammam (Saudi Arabia), 41°С in Qatar or 39.3°С in Bahrain (2nd highest temperature ever recorded in March).

Maximum temperatures recorded on March 11, 2022 in the Arabian Peninsula. – Via Ogimet and Twitter @Ekmeteo

Asia:

The heat is also noted for the period in South Asia with especially high temperatures since the beginning of the week. March 15, we managed to find up to 43.5°C in Myanmar equal to the monthly national record March 26, 2010

Maximum temperatures recorded in South Asia on March 15, 2022 – Via Ogimet and Twitter @Ekmeteo

In Japan, after a particularly snowy winter, the first spring warmth is felt in mid-March. In fact, the south of the island this time is subject to high temperatures during the period and On March 16, several monthly records were broken. We were really able to raise 27.1°С in Miyakonojo (monthly record is equal) or even 25.2°C in Makurazaki (exceeding 24.5°C from 07/03/2016).

Maximum temperatures recorded on March 16, 2022 in Japan. – Via JMA and Twitter @extremetime

On the side of South Koreamajor fires were observed on the east coast of the country in early March, caused by intermittent lack of precipitation and strong winds. These burned in a few days more than 20,000 hectares of forestdestroying almost 600 buildings and temporarily threatens the Hanul nuclear power plant. No casualties have been reported.

Satellite image of major fires in eastern South Korea on March 5, 2022 – Copernicus

Oceania:

The floods have finally subsided in eastern Australia after being devastating between Queensland and New South Wales. As of March 8, 20 victims should have been sorry and pseveral tens of thousands of people had to be evacuated to Sydney, Australia’s largest city.

Severe flooding in Queensland in early March 2022 – AFP

These exceptional floods have been classified as rainy equivalent of 2019 fires in terms of natural disasters by the government, this is indeed unparalleled in the industry and were created prolonged torrential rains.

In about a week, several hundred millimeters were recorded over southeast Queensland and at least 30 stations of the region recorded more than 1000mm during this timewhich led to extraordinary and rapid recovery in the region.

Aerial view of the extent of flooding in Queensland in the first decade of March 2022 – Fludlist

If there are still thunderstorms in the area in the last days, most of the rain has finally stopped relatively calmer weather prevailed in mid-March.

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