As the first round of the 2022 presidential election fast approaches, we reviewed the research and credentials of electoral candidates since the establishment of the Fifth Republic. We also looked at the most represented school and the one that produced the most candidates.
The first round of the 2022 presidential election is coming soon! If candidates have already disclosed their condition, it’s time to highlight the studies they followed. In what schools did those who wanted to lead France study? What diplomas did those who apply for the presidency of the republic receive? Business Cool traces the path of all candidates in the history of the Fifth Republic!
Read also: The fate of the 2022 presidential candidates!
Disclaimer for Diplomas and Research of Presidential Candidates
Before continuing reading this article, it is important to note that we only considered studies and diplomas obtained in higher education, that is, at the bachelor’s or master’s level, no candidate completed their studies in BTS or other bac + 2 level studies. .
On the other hand, you will be able to understand that for some candidates we could not find an educational institution. For the latter, research is known and therefore we have listed the chosen course and not the reference university.
Finally, before reading this article on the degrees and research of presidential candidates, it is important to note that we have unified the names of some universities and updated the names currently used. This is especially true of the Sorbonne, the Panthéon-Assas University, the Parisian companies Sciences Po Paris and AgroParisTech.
Read also: The most represented schools at the 2021 Tokyo Olympics.
Which candidates are the most qualified?
Throughout the Fifth Republic, many candidates who received one or two diplomas faced each other in presidential elections. Of the 77 people who tried to become president of the republic, only 13 did not continue their studies in higher educational institutions.
On the other hand, very few candidates have three diplomas to their credit. In this case, there are only 7 of them, that is, 9.09% of the total number of people who came to the presidential elections. On the other hand, 22 of them reached the second degree (counting those who have a triple degree in their account).
Among the most qualified, we find very famous names: Emmanuel Macron, Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, François Hollande, Ségolène Royale or Christian Taubira. We can also find lesser-known personalities, such as Philippe de Villiers, owner of Le Puy du Fou and now an ardent supporter of Eric Zemmour, or Michel Rocard, candidate in the 1969 presidential election.
Read also: Diplomas of leaders CAC40.
Evolution of Graduate Level of Presidential Candidates
Finally, we understand that the number of graduates of presidential candidates does not change linearly. We will not necessarily find individuals who studied longer in 2022 than they did in 1974. Some candidates without a degree are still running for president today.
However, it should be noted that in 1958 and 1965 the proportion of graduates among candidates was lower than in subsequent elections. This is explained, first of all, by the fact that during the war the contenders for the post of head of state mainly stopped at school or to support their families. In addition, we can observe a smaller number of candidates, which necessarily affects the percentage of elections completed.
It is in 1988 and 2012 that we find the most graduates among those who stood for election. Thus, almost 90% of graduates are among the candidates for the presidency of the republic. On the other hand, it was in 1958 that the percentage of graduates was the lowest. This is only 66.67%. Indeed, only two of the three candidates were university graduates: Charles de Gaulle (ESM Saint-Cyr) and Albert Châtelet (ENS).
Schools that have produced the most presidential candidates
Not surprisingly, Science Po remains a factory of presidential candidates. At least 20 people out of 77 applicants for the presidency of the republic graduated from the school. The institution is closely monitored by the ENA, now called the INSP (National Institute of Civil Service). He prepared 14 presidential candidates. However, it is important to note that those who received degrees from this institution often entered Sciences Po several years earlier. The Sciences Po-ENA doublet is very common among candidates with two or even three diplomas.
The other top 5 schools that have produced the most candidates in the presidential election are made up of the University of Paris II Panthéon-Assas (8), ENS-PSL (5) and HEC Paris (4). Jacques Cheminade (candidate in the elections of 1995, 2012 and 2017), François Hollande (2012), François Asselino (2017) and Valerie Pecresse (2022) graduated from the School of Management.
We still find a large number of universities: the University of Paris-Nanterre (4 candidates), through which Emmanuel Macron passed, the Sorbonne (3), the University of Bordeaux (3), the University of Besançon (2) or even Paris. – Dauphine University (2).
Schools that have produced the most Presidents of the Republic
And what about the presidents of the Fifth Republic? What schools did they go to? What degrees did they receive? Unsurprisingly, we are once again seeing Sciences Po lead the way. Six of the eight heads of state who succeeded each other at the head of France studied at the institution. Only two failed Science Po: Valerie Giscard d’Estaing (Polytechnique-ENA) and Charles de Gaulle, who graduated from ESM Saint-Cyr.
ENA has released four presidents of the republic, the University of Paris-Nanterre, two (Emmanuel Macron and Nicolas Sarkozy). HEC Paris has trained only one head of state: François Hollande. For its part, ENS gave Georges Pompidou the necessary keys to become president. Only one engineering school has produced a president: the Polytechnic, from which came Valéry Giscard d’Estaing.
Read also: Diplomas and studies of the mayors of France.
Study and Diplomas of 2022 Presidential Candidates
What about the 2022 presidential election? Now that we know the names of the 12 candidates, as well as their legacy, it’s time to take a look at their diplomas and the studies they went through. This year, only two contenders for the presidency of the republic did not study at the university, these are Jean Lassalle and Philippe Putou. The latter could not even get a bachelor’s degree in mechanics.
On the other hand, it should be noted that the trend observed during all elections in the Fifth Republic seems to be confirmed for the 2022 presidential elections as well. Indeed, Sciences Po and ENA have released three candidates: Nicolas Dupont-Aignan (Sciences Po, University Paris-Dauphine, ENA), Emmanuel Macron (University Paris-Nanterre, Sciences Po, ENA), Valerie Pecresse (HEC Paris, ENA) and Eric Zemmour (Sciences Po).
In addition, state higher educational institutions are also widely represented this year. The University of Paris-Nanterre produced two candidates (Emmanuel Macron and Anne Hidalgo), as did the University of Paris-Dauphine (Yannick Jadot and Nicolas Dupont-Aignan). Jean-Luc Mélenchon studied at the University of Besançon.
|Candidate||Left||Diploma?||School 1||School 2||School 3|
|Marine Le Pen||RN (far right)||Yes||Assas||EFB|
|Jean-Luc Melenchon||LFI (left)||Yes||University of Besançon|
|Nicolas Dupont-Aignan||DLF (right)||Yes||political science||Paris-Dauphine University||ENA|
|Philip Putu||NPA (far left)||Not|
|Natalie Artaud||Labor struggle (left)||Yes||Master in Economics|
|Emmanuel Macron||EM (center)||Yes||University of Paris-Nanterre||political science||ENA|
|John Lassalle||R! (center right)||Not|
|Valerie Pekress||LR (right)||Yes||HEC Paris||ENA|
|Ann Hidalgo||PS (left)||Yes||University of Paris-Nanterre|
|Fabien Roussel||CPS (left)||Yes||CPJ|
|Eric Zemmour||Conquest (far right)||Yes||political science|
|Yannick Jadot||EELV (left)||Yes||Paris-Dauphine University|
Read also: What diplomas do Castex government ministers have?