and in fact how the poor are going to do?

“- I am the most right! – Oh no, it’s me! “In the shallot race that is pitted against Valerie Pecresse to tighten access conditions in South Africa, Emmanuel Macron now leads by a small margin thanks to his loyal Christophe Castaner. Come defend on BFMTV a proposal to force RSA recipients to dedicate ” 15 to 20 hours per week for activities that promote professional integration “The president of the LREM group in the National Assembly indeed confirmed this Monday, March 21st, that the allowance was ” coward’s answer to the question of national solidarity. ” He just says, here, take some money. Well no, we prefer to accompany “, the former socialist explained. It is still necessary for RSA beneficiaries to be in an ‘escort’ situation: according to the data collected by the Department of Research, Research, Evaluation and Statistics (Drees) in its 2021 report, this is by no means obvious. .

Let us leave out the ideological presuppositions underlying this project of turning from an instrument of combating poverty into an instrument of the moral improvement of a population clearly suspected of being dependent on benefits. Who would seriously think that the poor are enjoying their fortunes while shamelessly enjoying the financial ease that comes with an annuity of €510 per month (average RSA in 2019)? However, it should be noted that the preamble to the 1946 Constitution states that ” every person who, due to (…) the economic situation, is unable to work, has the right to receive suitable means of subsistence from society “.

Free labor

But let’s get to the key question: who do we want to ask for a new effort? As of the end of 2020, 2.06 million households used RSA. Among RSA recipients, 16% already have a job, including 10% for whom this job is paid, according to DREES. And the unemployed are already required to seek work in order to receive RSA, as provided for in article L262-28 of the Social Action and Family Code. ” The beneficiary of active solidarity income is obliged, if he is unemployed or receives only income from the exercise of professional activity below the limit established by decree, to look for work, take the necessary steps to establish his own activity or to take the actions necessary for better social or professional integration says the law.

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40% of RSA beneficiaries, subject to rights and obligations, are registered with Pôle emploi as category A, B or C3 applicants at the end of 2018, i.e. they are required to carry out positive job search activities “ emphasizes DREES. Among these unemployed, a significant part belongs to the population registered in the most serious monitoring systems Pôle Emploi. Thus, 28% of RSA recipients receive reinforced support or ” comprehensive support “. Devices, to which, therefore, 15 to 20 hours will be added.” either integration training or employment “, according to Emmanuel Macron. Which means, compared to the current situation, asking for free work from unemployed beneficiaries in addition to having to look for work.

crazy money

Not surprisingly, the share of beneficiaries in a given area’s population is directly correlated with its unemployment rate: It is noticeably higher than 6% when the unemployment rate exceeds 10%. “, notes DREES. But then do the unemployed resort to PCA not because they prefer it to work, but because they live in economically devastated territories? Let’s remember this obvious fact: indeed, we ask for this help the most vulnerable members of society. however, according to the DREES report, 21% of RSA recipients report being in poor or very poor health (5% in the general population), 43% have at least one chronic illness, and 38% say they are limited or severely limited in health status at work (compared to 19% for the general population).

READ ALSO:A third of those who qualify for an RSA do not get it: “Is this how the poor survive?”

A quarter of recipients of an adult with a disability benefit received an RSA at least once in their lives. The ones that Emmanuel Macron claims to be worth ” crazy dough for society – South Africa is 0.5% of French GDP – 27% must be over 50 years old. They are also more likely to live in single-parent households than the rest of the French population (31% instead of 10%). And for many, the galley is a long-term situation: 36% of beneficiaries had more than five years of experience in South Africa at the end of 2019.

What sense can there be in the obligation to dedicate oneself” activities that promote professional integration “while the DREES report shows that one in four homeless people receive RSA? Apart from the debate about the principles that should guide national solidarity, a practical question arises: what is the point of tightening the conditions for access to social minimums for individuals who very often will not be able to meet them? It is about proposing social policies that can reduce poverty, or about pleasing voters who are convinced that “ assistant cancer corrodes French society?

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