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International Day of Forests – March 21, 2022

Updated 03/22/2022

On March 21, the UN declared international day of forests. This is an opportunity to celebrate forest, tree and forest, and to raise awareness of the multi-functionality of forests, which provide many services to the environment, economy and society and are an important resource for sustainable development.

Link to International Day of Forests website

Read the March 16, 2022 press kit on the closure of forest and forest juries

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View of the Otwiller Forest

Forest on the Marne

Marne is a sparsely forested department (19% of wooded areas, which is 156,000 hectares).

The Marne forest mainly consists of deciduous plantations (oak, beech, 90% hornbeam).

There is very little forest on the great cereal plains of Chalky Champagne in the center of the department. However, some parts of the department are more wooded, such as Brie-Champenoise in the west, Mount Reims or Argonne in the east.

In addition, the forests of the Marne are overwhelmingly private (67%).


Focus: private forest management system

Private forest management is overseen regional forest management plan (SRGS)which describes the forests of the region, the stands encountered and the main problems, and establishes objectives and typical interventions to guarantee sustainable management.

Documents on the management of private property should be developed in accordance with the SRHS.

The private owner can choose the most appropriate document for his particular case:

– Simple Management Plan (PSG): Mandatory for forests larger than 25 ha, plots over 10 ha can also subscribe to it. It includes a 10 to 20 year logging and work program as well as data on environmental, social and hunting issues. PSGs are approved by the Regional Center for Forest Property (CRPF);

– model management regulations (RTG): drawn up by forestry experts or cooperatives and approved by the CRLF, which can be followed by owners who entrust their forest management to these organizations;

– code of good forestry practice (CBPS): intended for owners whose surface area does not reach the required area for CSN, it includes management recommendations adapted to the main types of stands that may be found in the region.


At the economic level, the forestry sector comprises 895 enterprises with a total of about 3,900 employees (mainly in the wood construction, paper and board and forestry/logging sectors).

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Three Fountains State Forest

butstock belonging DDT in forest matters

They are numerous and range from the implementation of the forest regime in public forests (enforcement, diversion) to the control of compliance with the rules relating to forest management, through the instruction of assistance to forest investments (support for the forest service, improvement of forest plantations) and tax affairs (in particular, benefits), budgetary control of allocated envelopes, research and monitoring of violations (unauthorized felling, non-restoration of stands after felling, etc.) or even briefing and monitoring of forest disputes.

DDT also examines and verifies clearing and felling files, which are subject to vigilance to protect the last plantings on the plain and keep forests from vineyard development.

Finally, it implements the forest component of the Recovery Plan. Help the forest adapt to climate change to better mitigate it.”

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Oak Napoleon – Les Sainte-Meneou

sustainable management the woods

Sustainable forest management certification is a voluntary commitment that allows economic chain participants and consumers to be assured that certified wood products come from sustainably managed forests. PEFC certification (Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes) was initiated in 1998 by European forest owners with the support of forest industry professionals, environmental associations, consumers and authorities, and the public.

The PEFC system builds on existing and recognized forestry certification and management procedures, adapting them to national and local circumstances. Most common in France.

Lakelaugh from bark beetles

The Marne Forest has been hit hard by the recent health crisis caused by bark beetle (xylophagous insect) on spruces and ash calorosis (fungus), requiring adaptation of forest management in the respective areas.

The prefectural ordinance of July 29, 2019 specifically mandated owners in mandatory control areas to take measures that can limit bark beetle attacks by recognizing, cutting and controlling standing trees harboring bark beetles to combat the spread of the disease.

It is time to restore the damaged public and private forests.

Affected municipalities and owners want to be able to replant, in particular with the support of a restoration plan, the reforestation component. Plots with soils with good production potential will be mostly replanted with oak. To ensure more sustainable plantings, tree species diversity up to 30% will be encouraged.

Exceptional forest label

The “Forêt d’Exception” approach is the marking approach implemented by the ONF.National Forestry Administration highlight, in partnership with local actors, the most emblematic state forests. The Forest of Montaigne-de-Reims on the Marne has been doing this since 2016.

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Forest and slopes of Mount Reims

See NFB Article #1

See NFB Article #2

The axes and actions of this territorial approach are focused on the multifunctionality of the forest (reception of public, hunting, forestry, ecosystem services, etc.) and its sustainable management (biodiversity conservation, climate change accounting, eco-certification, etc.).

Partners

A large number of partners are involved in forest policy: the National Forestry Administration (ONFNational Forestry Administration), National Center for Forest Property (CNPF), DRAAFRegional Directorate of Food, Agriculture and ForestryRegional council, owners, managers, associations and industry professionals…

Agroforestry balance

The forest also takes care of maintaining the agroforestry balance.

The control of large game populations (wild boar and deer) is a major problem in the Marne department. Population regulation is necessary to prevent damage to agriculture and forestry (more than one million euros in damages for 2020), as well as the risk of the introduction and spread of animal diseases (in particular, swine fever, which can affect wild boars), which could seriously economic consequences, both for pig breeding and for hunting.

In addition, an excess of big game can also result in the inability to naturally renew populations, loss of biodiversity, and resistance to biotic or climatic attacks. Hence the presence in the department of plots with problems (9) and plots subject to monitoring (17), in respect of which specific measures are applied (enhanced samples or even a ban on sowing).

Forests and Nature 2000

The forest is a significant contributor to the Natura 2000 network due to its particular richness in terms of biodiversity, with 43% of its surface classified under the “habitat” directive and 39% under the bird directive.

In practice, certain projects or activities (identified in national or departmental lists) in Natura 2000 areas should be subject to an assessment of their impact on conservation goals for those areas and, in particular, protected species before they are implemented. and habitats.

In addition, if the forest is located in the Natura 2000 area, there are increased requirements for providing a guarantee of sustainable management, allowing the use of state assistance or tax incentives: a management document specifically approved in accordance with individual articles of the Forest Code, or the award of a Natura 2000 contract or accession to the charter of the territory Natura 2000.

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Epernay woodland and associated ponds

The owner of the forest, if he so desires, can take on a renewable five-year obligation to comply with the specifications and perform the work. Standard works that can be included in the contract have a non-productive purpose: the development of aging forests, the creation or restoration of glades, swamps or forest ponds, etc.

Membership in the Natura 2000 charter in a territory is for 5 to 10 years and entails a commitment to the permanent and sustainable management of the land and territories and refers to sports or leisure activities that respect natural habitats and species.

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