The atmosphere changed from one campaign to another. In 2017, the Socialist Party could count on the presence of “star” economists in the campaign of Benoît Amon, in the forefront of which are Thomas Piketty or Julia Cage. This year, candidate Anne Hidalgo can count on the experience of climatologist Jean Jouzel, a distinguished researcher who has contributed to the IPCC, to support its environmental proposals. But don’t look for members of the media on his economic campaign team.
To prove that she is not only the mayor of Paris, and to show her opposition to Emmanuel Macron’s not very decentralized mandate, Anne Hidalgo puts forward her “French team of mayors”. There are members of the city council of Nantes, Johanna Roland, Alfortville, Luc Karvounas, or Nancy, Mathieu Klein, who were given responsibility for the presidential program.
Very often, the thematic poles responsible for a specific reflection of one or another aspect of the program, such as higher education, agriculture and food, the countryside or digital technologies, to name but a few, are embodied in tandem, consisting of a local elected representative and a national elected representative. , deputy or senator.
This is the case, for example, at the “economic” pole, where the deputy of Tarn-et-Garonne and former general rapporteur on the budget under François Hollande, Valerie Rabot, is accompanied by the mayor and president of the metropolis of Rouen. , Nicolas Meyer – Nightingale.
” We had a very specific mandate: to work on economic recovery through ecology.– explains the city councilor, whose presence in this group is important. Rouen is one of the territories that have a very large field experience in the field of reconciliation between economy and ecology. In the defensive version first on the example of the Lubrizol plant. In a later, more optimistic version, as in Darblay Chapel the metropolis just bought a 35-hectare industrial site specializing in recycled paper to resell it to an industrialist whose project is focused on the circular economy. “, he describes.
” Anna Hidalgo’s program is based on two pillars: the experience and territorial attachment of local elected officials and the experience gained by parliamentarians in five years of work in opposition. sums up Mathieu Klein. Thus, the “Budget and Taxation” department, headed by the former Secretary of State in charge of Budget and Public Accounts, Christian Eckert, General Rapporteur on the Budget at the beginning of François Hollande’s presidency, before handing it over to Valerie Rabeau, on the bill for the taxation of inheritance rights, presented by MP- socialist Christine Pires-Bon in October 2020.
Without the latter being part of the candidate’s campaign team. ” Mainly due to lack of time, because work in the districts does not become less even in the last months of the five-year plan ” she explains.
” Anne Hidalgo included in her program the essence of my bill, namely the increase in the surcharge on transmissions from 100,000 to 300,000 euros, which reduces inheritance taxation by 95 % French. There are also plans to tax very high estates up to 60 % for inheritance over 1.9 million euro “, – describes the deputy.
To finalize the economic program, the candidate’s team interviewed the leaders of the main trade unions, requested think tanks on specific topics without transfer to support from their side “, wants to clarify Mathieu Klein, who quotes the mixes of the Jean Jaurès Foundation, Left Hemisphere, chaired by the head of the economic, financial and digital pole of the Socialist Party, Alexandre Wiesil or the Rousseau Institute. Since autumn 2020, a group of about twenty technical experts also works daily with candidate teams .
Economists in government agencies, university professors, senior government officials, consultants or business leaders… everyone wants to remain anonymous. ” 50% are members of the Socialist Party. The other half is not “, specifies the mayor of Nancy. ” When it comes to budget and tax issues, we have surrounded ourselves with ex-Bercy employees or members of local governments who were once interested in these topics. ”, adds Christian Eckert.
In cases where the PS favors the opening of nationwide minimum wage negotiations, the candidate has gone further and wants an immediate 15% increase.
The work carried out for several years by the Socialist Party and coordinated by Boris Vallo, MP for the Landes, is obviously another source of suggestions from which Anne Idago can draw. Thus, we find in his program this double priority, displayed in the party’s project: to reduce inequality and fight global warming. Just as we find the importance given to purchasing power and the revaluation of labor.
Where the PS advocates opening up nationwide minimum wage negotiations, the candidate has gone further and wants to increase it by 15% immediately.
” The right or the far right claim to solve the problem of household purchasing power by bringing net wages closer to gross wages (…) But they forget that social security contributions are actually deferred wages that are paid to an employee in case of illness, pregnancy, work accident, unemployment or retirement “, criticizes the National Secretary for Labour, New Forms of Work and Employment Vincent Duchossois.
No flagship measure
It is this “solidarity” in the PS program that has become “security” in the Anna Hidalgo program that the candidate wants to defend. Corn Vice versa In previous campaigns, the Socialists have not had a key idea that could be put forward this year to stand out, such as Benoît Hamon’s basic income, the taxation of 75% of income over a million euros advocated by François Hollande, or Lionel Jospin’s 35 hours. .
” Our program is not revolutionary, but has a deeply social and just character. FROMabove all, it is reliably and accurately quantified! sums up Christian Eckert.
50 billion in new spending per year. Or as much as the En Marche candidate expected.
As for the overall calculation of the costs of the program, often risky for candidates, it was carried out under the leadership of a troika consisting of Valerie Rabaud, Christian Eckert and Claude Reynal, Senator of the Haute-Garonne and President of the Finance Commission of the Luxembourg Palace.
” We started with what the candidate wanted to contribute in the area of public policy, and offered her about twenty sources of funding, either by cutting costs or increasing income.making sure it’s not all done through the tax. Some were accepted, others were not., explains the latter, noting that all candidates did not give themselves the same trouble. ” Value presented by Emmanuel Macron [le 17 mars, NDLR]comes down to three lines, and unfounded figures that we are asked to believe in the word “.
More solid figures provided by Ann Hidalgo plan to boost revenues through, among other things, a revised and green ISF that will bring in $5 billion a year, taxing very high estates ($8 billion) and reducing environmentally harmful spending. (10 billion).
All this allows to finance 50 billion new expenses per year. Or as much as the En Marche candidate expected. Which for some proves the seriousness and economic reliability of the left, which is often accused of weakness in the management of public finances. Or for others, his lack of ambition.