Covid-19 and vaccines have changed excess male mortality

Since the start of the pandemic, men are more at risk of dying from Covid-19 than women, but this excess mortality is declining, according to an INED publication published March 24, 2022. In the question, the authors point, in particular, to vaccination. coverage, which, oddly enough, is higher among men.

Excess male deaths from Covid-19 have declined in 18 months of the pandemic

In the spring of 2020, a 60-year-old man was 2.2 times more likely to die from Covid-19 than a woman of the same age. A significant estimate, even taking into account the usual excess male mortality. With the exception of Covid,in France, at any age, a man has a higher risk of dying within a year than a woman of the same age“, – the message says. Double the risk at 40 years old, as at 70 years old. Corn “after age 50, this excess mortality exceeds the excess mortality from all causessays Frans Mesle, director of research at the National Institute for Demographic Research (INED) and co-author of the INED report. This result, which she considers surprising, pushes her, along with the second co-author of the report, Gilles Pison, to investigate further. “We then realized that in France this excess mortality declined at the start of the second half of 2021, with the data covering the period up to the end of September 2021.“. On this date, a 60-year-old man had this time 1.8 times more risk of dying from Covid-19 than a woman of the same age.

Vaccination coverage for men is higher than for women

How to explain that at the end of the summer of 2021, the risk of excess mortality among men decreased? Two experts review vaccination data cross-referenced by sex and age. “This data was not public, our colleagues from CNAM had to extract it especially for us.“, says Frans Mesle. Data that is needed in the context of their analysis, since the majority of the French population received their first two doses of the vaccine in the summer of 2021.”This is the period when vaccination began to show its effects.confirms the demographer, who is convinced that vaccine coverage for older men will be worse than for women. “In the social sciences, we know that women tend to be more health conscious and engage in less risky behaviors than men, such as smoking, drinking alcohol, or driving fast.”, justifies Frans Mesle. So one would expect, she adds, that they get vaccinated more often. However, this is not what was observed in the study.

It should be recognized that in terms of the number of individuals, women are vaccinated more than men.

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