In an interview given Corsica-morning On March 16, 2022, the Minister of the Interior spoke about the demands of the Corsicans during the wave of demonstrations provoked after the attack on Ivan Colonna in prison. “We are ready to reach autonomy… the question is what kind of autonomy is that,” emphasized Gerald Darmanin. If the Isle of Beauty respects the mourning of the Colonna family after the death of a nationalist militant on Monday evening in Marseille, the original question dominates: in what form can this island land gain autonomy and what can be changed?
Autonomy or Independence?
Between the autonomy or independence of Corsica, it is enough to lose the North. For the constitutionalist, professor at the University of Toulouse, who presented in October 2021 a report on the improvement of existing institutions in order to strengthen their democratic functioning and on the evolution towards island autonomy”,the autonomy of Corsica is the preservation of Corsica within the Republic. Independence is the secession of Corsica from the Republic.“, she explained to France Culture.
According to Wanda Mastor, “Corsicans voted overwhelmingly in favor of the autonomist-led list and, to a lesser extent, in favor of independence. But in total, this is every second Corsica that voted for autonomy or independence. The territorial majority is absolute.“By comparison, she recalls that”either the region is autonomous and in this case, as is done on the vast majority of all the islands of Europe, it can adopt its own laws, or it is not autonomous and in this case there can be more claims“.
In parallel with other regional requirements, she points out that the situations are different. “However, it is important to understand different situations. For example, in Alsace or Brittany, unlike in Corsica, the autonomist party did not win elections, and twice in a row with an overwhelming majority.“.
The case of other islands in Europe facing autonomy
The constitutionalist of Corsican origin emphasizes in Corse-matin that there is “no legal brakes“to evolution towards autonomy. For her, the brake is purely cultural.
“It’s an ambient Jacobinism that doesn’t exist in any other country. I am a comparativist, and all the islands in Europe are autonomous, or at any rate able to legislate without violating the indivisible character of their state, whether it be monarchies or republics. Thus, from a legal point of view, there are no obstacles, it is enough to include it in the Constitution and allow Corsica to legislate in certain areas that would in no way interfere with the unity of the Republic and the sovereign competence of the state. she describes.
Real estate speculation, taxation, language…
The President of the Executive Council of the Corsican Community, Gilles Simeoni, is precise about the Corsican will. “Autonomy in law and exercise is not independence“, he explained on March 16 on RTL.
Thus, sovereign powers (police, army, justice) remain in the hands of the state and, in a certain number of strategic sectors, the competence is automatically transferred to the community of Corsica, which will exercise the real normative power of a legislative nature. he detailed.
Economics, healthcare, social, fiscal… Field of competence “discuss“Because the principle will be finally approved,” points out Gilles Simeoni. “The chosen nationalist needs to analyze the situation in a certain number of sectors. In particular, at the level of taxation, because”there can be no true autonomy without taxation”, with translations to the community of Corsica. Thus, supporters of great autonomy distinguish several axes, such as:
- fight against land speculation;
- economic development policy;
- social sector;
- recognition of the Corsican people;
- co-officiality of Corsican.
“Building an emancipated Corsican society”
What is the spirit of the approach (commitment?) to the autonomy of Corsica?
“What we want with all our active forces, actively involving the youth, very mobilized at the forefront in recent weeks, is to build an emancipated, democratic, responsible Corsican society in a new bond of trust with the state.“, Gilles Simeoni told in detail.
chairman of the executive board of the community admits on the air of RTL that after “50 year cycle of confrontations, today we must open a new cycle“.