Center for Young Business Leaders – CJD Morocco organized on Saturday, March 19, in Rabat, a plenary session dedicated to the very topical topic of water resources called “Saving water for the economy of life”. Thus, issues relating to the effective management of water resources were decided in the light of the worst drought in the last four decades that the Kingdom has experienced. Looking back at enlightening speeches Huria Tazi Sadeq, Driss Benhima and Salma Bugarrani, who encourage reflection on the best approach to water resources.
CJD Morocco once again demonstrates its ability to address fair and relevant issues. Its national president, Naufal El-Heziti, delivered a strong message during his speech: “I believe that in a dynamic like ours today, in a complex world where there are many problems… a certain number of fields need to be restored. : we must reclaim the field of thought, culture, intellectual sovereignty and reclaim the field of education. Education makes a person mature, it prepares us to become a Human, to become ourselves. “.
Echoing at the same time the vision of CJD: “CJD is a space where youth is a philosophy of impact. These are young people who certainly need us today, and tomorrow we will need them. CJD is a movement that has always had the same goal: to put people at the center, to understand them, to encourage them, to set them in motion, but above all, to empower them. »
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In the context of water scarcity, Huria Tazi Sadeq, a lawyer and university professor specializing in environmental law, immediately emphasized the “public responsibility” of everyone regarding the issue of water, while emphasizing the “multidimensional and intersectoral” nature of the topic of water.
“We are in an arid and semi-arid country; he gets all his water from the sky. Today we also use sea water desalination, but the main resource is rain,” she explained. According to her, the problem of water is multifactorial: “The issue of water is connected with demography. We have a large developing population, so demand is growing and diversifying. It also has a connection with migration. There is what is known in environmental circles as “climate migration”.
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“This is also related to the energy problem: water through energy and energy through water. Both are problematic today. There is a problem with food security (agriculture needs water). There are problems with both peace and conflict. Morocco has 3 hydrographic basins, which contain 2/3 of the country’s water. There are also health problems: 80% of diseases are transmitted through water or through water. “, – she continued. The specialist recommends using “multi-stakeholder platforms” for better optimization of water resources, such as COALMA, a coalition of public and private stakeholders in the field of water supply and sanitation in Morocco. “I think this is a form of governance that provides synergy and coordination.”
Driss Benhima, ex-CEO of RAM and ONE, among others, believes that we must now engage in “rationalization of consumption”: “The supply of water for the needs of the population, agriculture and industry no longer requires the mobilization of new resources. but the rationalization of their use. And to add: “paths of rationalization are to increase the productivity of the networks, to balance the surplus supply basins and scarce basins and reuse wastewater and, finally, to redirect agricultural consumption.”
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Driss Benhima hailed the remarkable achievements of Morocco, especially with regard to the dam policy: “Today, Morocco has 139 dams with 18 billion m3 mobilized. This is a big success. It will remain one of the greatest achievements of modern Morocco.” At the same time, he believes that we can no longer rely on dams for water supply: “I think that 80% of interesting hydrotechnical facilities are already equipped” … better used to rationalize consumption. »
“We had a siltation acceleration faster than expected. Protective dams should be made to limit silting. One of the ideas is to redirect budgets for building dams to budgets for reducing losses and reclaiming wastewater,” he continues. Driss Benhima advocates desalination as “a must-have option in the short term”. “The combination of desalination methods with renewable energy sources provides a guaranteed supply of drinking water demand on the coast.”
Salma Bugarrani, co-founder and managing director of Green Watech, a company specializing in rural and decentralized sewage, touched on the issue of sanitation in rural areas in Morocco: “In Morocco, household wastewater is discharged with little or no treatment, in the Moroccan countryside the environment. The rural environment suffers from problems related to the lack of sanitation. In more than 50% of the wells in which we analyzed, we found contamination of drinking water with wastewater.”