ECONOMY: In the words of Roland Lescour, “in France we can better support business.”

The President of the Economic Affairs Committee of the National Assembly made a trip worthy of a minister on Tuesday, March 22, in Dijon, within the framework of the Agromarket and with the CCI Métropole de Bourgogne.

Presenting himself at the CCI Métropole de Bourgogne on Tuesday, March 22, 2022 in Dijon, to exchange views on the results of the economic measures adopted during the five-year term of Emmanuel Macron, Roland Lescure thus set out to meet with 50,000 Cat companies. d’Or and Saone-et-Loire, which are represented by the consular chamber.

A reserve period is required, the meeting was held behind closed doors. After visiting the Salaisons dijonnaises, Vitalfa, Apidis and Caves Carrière companies based in the agri-food market, the deputy of the first constituency of the French living abroad (Canada and the USA) and the chairman of the Economic Affairs Committee of the National Assembly returned to the nature of the exchanges.

Visit “behind the walls” of the Committee on Economics

“Since I was elected – I am from the business world, I lived in Montreal for about ten years before coming to France – I believe that the main task of the National Assembly in particular and the government in general is to be away. from the field. So I want to make sure that everything we voted for will find its way into the companies.”

“With the Committee on Economics, we went beyond the walls. With several local deputies, we are organizing a visit, as today, we are trying to see iconic companies and representatives of intermediary bodies.

“Thanks also for the set”

“First of all, thank you for everything you have done. For five years, we said that we had to go through many crises, but [les chefs d’entreprises] too much. We have companies that have been able to adapt, companies that have been able to reinvent themselves, companies that have been able to treat their employees well in the face of a historic health crisis, and now, with the crisis in Ukraine, are struggling to “supply and lift raw materials”.

“Secondly, thank you also for hiring because we have a historically low unemployment rate in France. We have the humility to think that this is partly due to what we have implemented, but also, obviously, thanks to the companies.

“I wanted to hear from them about the results of this five-year term, to hear them about what was done well and what was not so good. Maybe think about the future if we have to fulfill an additional mandate. And let’s talk a little about the first hypotheses that we have regarding the campaign that is opening and the program presented last week.

“Companies recognize that we have done our job”

“[En Côte-d’Or]companies recognize that we have done our job. Especially during and after the health crisis. Apprenticeships, vocational training, tax cuts, including taxes on production, labor market reform… have been praised.

“We had a small remark, quite acceptable, from the president of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry about the fact that we cut the funds of the chambers of commerce quite a bit. (;..) Everyone admits that there have been reforms that have been made to most chambers of commerce to improve operations and reduce costs, but it’s clear that we’ve pushed the pipe a bit.

“We’ll have to simplify in order to change the culture of the administration”

“There are high hopes for administrative simplification. This is the main task of the five-year period, which will open up regardless of who will lead and of the majority that will accompany him. We’re going to have to simplify-simplify-simplify so that we change the administration culture a bit, so that we move from an administration that is often a little more focused on control to an administration that is maybe a little more focused on maintenance. (…) I have been in business for about ten years in Canada, I think that in France we can support companies better.”

“Educate the less young who are no longer suited to the needs of the companies”

“Reducing fees is always a small topic. People recognize that we have come most of the way, but there is still a lot to be done, especially with regard to production taxes. This is good, we plan to do this if we are re-elected.

To reach one million students, “we will have to support the youngest, especially in vocational schools, to bring the company to the school. (…) We can do better to simplify the relationship between school and business.”

To further reduce unemployment, “we must be able to train young people, in particular, but sometimes not so young people who are no longer suitable for the needs of companies today, in order to ensure the transition to the jobs that companies want to provide. “.

“Then we have a problem with geographic mobility. In France, there are areas where unemployment exceeds 10%, and there are regions where this figure is less than 6%. [en Côte-d’Or]. We must be able to promote the mobility of French men and women. There are problems with housing policy, it is difficult to find housing when you work in Dijon and live in Maubeuge. Rent guarantee issues, we have taken some steps in this direction, but I think we can do more.

“Integrating relationships with work that has changed a little in the younger generation”

As for wages, “wage policy is carried out in branches, and I do not believe that tonight the state, which should issue a decree, is increasing wages. The state can give companies tools to increase remuneration: profit sharing, participation, the so-called Macron bonus, which the candidate said he wants to triple in case of re-election.

“Faced with a tough job market, companies have realized that it is certainly necessary to pay a little more – but that is their business – but, above all, that new generations are not necessarily looking only for rewards: working conditions, the quality of working relationships, a way to adapt working hours. .. (…) Companies need to integrate attitudes towards work that have changed little in the younger generation.”

The “long time” of “family capitalism”

“I am a big fan of family capitalism, we lack it in France. (…) For me, this is the best way to have real long-term capitalism. We are no longer in the days of blast furnaces and paternalistic capitalism that we had at the beginning of the last century. We have moved to a much more modern capitalism, where working conditions or environmental care are important.

“Basically, we often complain that capital is focused on the very short term, especially in the stock markets. (…) When you are in familial capitalism – we have seen this with entrepreneurs who are Salaisons dijonnaises or Apidis who have been owned for more than five generations – we are in a very long time. I am convinced that the kind of responsible capitalism I am calling for – I was the General Rapporteur for the PACT [NDLR : Loi relative à la croissance et la transformation des entreprises du 22 mai 2019] – requires one thing: to lengthen the horizons of everyone.

“If your capital is patient in the long run, if your only interest is to ensure the sustainability of the company, there is inevitably an environmental risk, a health risk, a social risk, you integrate it. If you can align the interests of the company with your employees by providing profit sharing, it is obvious that employees will feel more interested in the future of the company and work in it in a more mobilized way.

“Clients are the same. They are looking for quality products produced responsibly. If we manage to get everyone’s eyes on the longer term, I think we can make capitalism more accountable. (…) Family capitalism is one of the key factors on this path.”

Interview with Jean-Christophe Tardivon

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