(astronomical) start date in France and explanations


RAMADAN. The start date of the Muslim fasting Ramadan 2022 (1443) is already astronomically known. Officially, this will be done at the end of the week. Date, rules, calendar, recipes… Check out our special page!

Vital

In the Hijri lunar calendar, on which Islam is based, it is the new moon that marks the beginning of each new month of the calendar. And there are two methods for determining the date of this new moon: astrological, which allows you to do this in advance; and observation of the sky, which takes place in real time, on the 29th of the current month according to the lunar calendar. According to the astrological method approved by the body representing Islam in France, the CFCM, Ramadan begins on Saturday 2 April as the conjunction of the crescent occurs on Friday 29 Shaaban / 1 April 2022. The Mosque of Paris also names this date, but wishes to confirm it during the observation of the Moon “Night of Doubt” on Friday, April 1, in the early evening. According to astronomical calculations of the end date of Ramadan, which should also be confirmed by lunar observation at the end of the month of Ramadan, Eid al-Fitr is theoretically scheduled for Monday May 2, 2022.

Questions and answers

How many Muslims are in France?

According to several studies on the subject, between five and six million practicing and non-practicing Muslims live in France. This score makes Islam the second largest religion in the country.

What is zakat al fitr?

As the CFCM (French Council of the Muslim Faith) recalled in mid-March, zakat al-fitr, “payable for religious reasons by any Muslim family,” is “intended for the poor, regardless of their religious affiliation.” The third pillar of Islam, in 2018 it rose from 5 euros to 7 euros per person (an increase mainly due to inflation).

Welcome to our Ramadan 2022 Q&A!

When does Ramadan 2022 start? How is it determined in France? When will we know with certainty the start date of the Muslim fast? And the end date? What are the rules of Ramadan, or what is zakat al-fitr? This Q&A page offers you some insight into all the questions you are likely to ask yourself on this subject!

To learn more

Ramadan 2022 (1443) begins, according to its date calculated by astronomical calculations, on Saturday, April 2, 2022. in France. According to a March 13 press release given by the franceinfo group, the CFCM (French Council of the Muslim Faith), the representative body of Islam in France, has announced the astronomical start date for the month of Ramadan as follows: According to scientific data, the new moon conjunction of Ramadan 1443 AH will occur on April 1, 2022 at 06:24 hours (UTC). Visibility of the Moon will be possible on the same day on the American continent and parts of the African continent,” the agency said. As a result, “Saturday 2 April 2022 is the first day of Ramadan in 1443 AH”.

The Night of Doubt, organized on Friday 1 April in the early evening at the Grand Mosque of Paris, should allow this date to be officially confirmed.

If the Parisian mosque approves the astronomical date of Ramadan 2022 (1443) in France, however, it will be necessary to wait for the observation of the moon, which takes place on the Night of Doubt, to formalize the start date of Ramadan.

In France, two methods of determining the beginning of the month of Ramadan coexist: traditional lunar observations and astronomical calculations. In its March 15 press release titled “Announcing the Beginning of the Blessed Month of Ramadan”, the Coordination of National Muslim Federations (FFAICA, GMP, MF and RMF), for which these two methods are “complementary”, points to this point. that during the “Night of Doubt” “The Theological Coordinating Commission (…) will take into account the results of the work on the adoption of scientific calculation and universal astronomical data to determine the beginning and end of the blessed month of Ramadan.”

Regarding the representation of Muslims in France, an important change took place in March 2021 when there was a split between the French Council of the Muslim Faith, the institution representing the Muslim faith in France, and its four former Muslim federations (the famous FFAIACA, GMP, MF and RMF). After that thunderclap in the sky of Islam in France, CFCM is once again relying on scientific data to formalize the dates of Ramadan a few weeks in advance. it’s the same working method it is followed by the Muslim Theological Council of France (CTMF, a body of imams especially close to the Muslim Brotherhood, but not replacing representative bodies).

In another recent twist, the four dissident CFCM federations established their “National Council of Imams” at the end of November 2021. The Élysée Palace made this request to the CFCM in autumn 2020 as part of the fight against radicalism and “separatism”. Thus, the four federations that have gained independence want to “tag” the imams practicing in France themselves, a role that the CFCM is already contesting, according to 20 Minutes.

In a statement dated March 15, a coordinating group made up of four Muslim federations (FFAACA, GMP, MF and RMF) announced that they would meet at the Grand Mosque of Paris for a “Night of Doubt” on Friday evening April 1. This date corresponds to the 29th day of the month of Chaaban, the month preceding the month of Ramadan in the Muslim calendar. In this lunar calendar, 2022 corresponds to 1443 AH. The “Night of Doubt” at the end of Ramadan at the Grand Mosque of Paris will take place on Sunday 1 May 2022.

During the month of fasting, Muslims perform five prayers a day: fair, zuhr, asser, maghrib and icha. The Ramadan calendar allows you to know the time of the considered prayers.

What is the end date of Ramadan 2022/1443 (current Islamic lunar year)? According to astronomical forecasts, the theoretical date of Uraza Bayram, the holiday of breaking the fast, corresponds to Monday evening 2 May (the first day of the month of Shawwal 1443, the lunar month following Ramadan). Depending on the year, and again depending on the observation of the moon, this occurs 29 or 30 days after the start of Ramadan. Dates to be confirmed on the night of the announcement, also known as the night of doubt.

The prohibitions of the month of Ramadan are quite strict. Intentionally eating, drinking, smoking or having sex during the day breaks his fast. Since forgetfulness cannot be punished, on the other hand, drinking or consuming something through negligence does not break the fast. Intentionally having sex on the day of Ramadan is considered a “great sin”. It is completely allowed to swallow saliva and, of course, brush your teeth. The only real prohibition in this area is to swallow anything other than your own saliva.

It is forbidden to use cosmetics, although this is sometimes allowed in Muslim countries. It is also forbidden to make obscene language, swear, give false testimony, and even engage in “stupid” behavior. A healthy diet and good hydration should also be preferred when breaking the fast. In general, sleep, avoiding sun exposure, and limiting exercise are also part of the practice to follow to stay healthy.

In particular, the practice of fasting applies to all Muslims, with the exception of the elderly, children, the sick (regardless of whether they suffer from mental or physical disorders), pregnant women or women who are breastfeeding or menstruating. Some travelers may also delay their post. For these people, helping the poor is seen as a worthy substitute for ritual.

“Ramadan Mubarak” is a formula used in the Muslim religion to wish a happy Ramadan to loved ones.

For a quick meal, Ramadan practitioners prepare delicious dishes. Discover recipe ideas in the Journal des femmes.

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