FOOD CHECK. Emmanuel Macron has not ruled out the idea of restoring the ration check this year if re-elected.
[Mis à jour le 29 mars 2022 à 12h27] “I want to create a meal voucher to help the humblest families and the middle class meet these extra costs.“. These were the words of Emmanuel Macron last week on the air France Blue. The additional costs mentioned by the LREM candidate are all the successive increases in the price of wheat, sunflower oil, gas, fuel, which lead to a sharp increase in inflation (3.6% in February for twelve slippery months). A general rise in consumer prices that calls into question the ability of low-income households to make ends meet on a positive note. So, the return of the food check back to the forefront less than two weeks before the first round of the presidential election. Its amount can reach 60 euro to the beneficiary. With this campaign proposal, candidate Macron wants to encourage “consume more french“and especially in”short circuits“, if re-elected on 24 April.
The stated goal of the Climate Citizens’ Convention was to allow the acquisition of “sustainable products (from agroecology, short circuits)” could we so read oncongress final report. In mid-December 2021, the president of the republic then promised to implement this project before the congress of citizens: “You are right. We will do it.” The project, finally abandoned after Bruno Le Maire, the economy minister, admitted that the device would not see the light of day immediately as reports were yet to be made. Asked by RMC on March 23, the president of the FNSEA, the main farmers’ union, backed the project, calling it a “good idea” at the dawn of the new raises. “It’s not just fuel. Wheat has doubled,” said Christiane Lambert at the RMC microphone. There will be a shortage in some countries. We will have a price increase. It’s a good idea to help the most unreliable.”
The Family Benefits Fund does not issue food stamps nationwide. At the local level, certain food aid schemes can be implemented. It is advisable to contact the social action department of your foundation. On its dedicated website, Caf de Saône-et-Loire highlighted the implementation of a one-time aid in April 2020 to help the poorest people buy basic food. The device was then targeted to family allowance, APL, RSA and activity bonus recipients.
CCAS may play a central role in the distribution of future food stamps. The Ministry of Economics defended in any case in 2021 the idea that municipal centers of social action provide distribution (read below). In fact, CCAS already plays a critical role in the most unreliable. They can indeed provide assistance either in the form of in-kind assistance (food parcels) or financial assistance (school meal assistance, food vouchers or vouchers, personal support check, etc.).
Wondering if your municipality issues food stamps? Check with your CCAS because devices vary from one locality to another. For example, in the Somme department, CCAS of the city of Albert has established vouchers worth 25 euros since June 2020. The number of vouchers varies depending on the composition of the household from 4 to 7 vouchers “distributed over a period of 2 months with the possibility of renewal”.
The amount of the food check is not yet known. So far, only the MP from Paris, Munir Mahjoubi, has submitted a quantitative proposal with a check, the price of which will be between 30 and 60 euros per month per family. “The total budget could then grow from a few hundred million to two billion euros,” the Ouest-France MP said in February 2021. “Subsequently, this will come into conflict with other proposals, such as specific allocations for the Covid period. This is the whole subject of discussions that take place at the government level,” he added at the time. The powerful agricultural union FNSEA offers a device that will allow you to spend 5 euros a day. Invited by Jean-Jacques Bourdain on April 21, 2021, Julien Denormandy advanced the amount 50 euros per month.
If Emmanuel Macron is re-elected and establishes this new policy, food testing should be a tool aimed at the most disadvantaged people. Emmanuel Macron spoke about the “lower classes” and “middle classes” at the France Bleu exhibition on March 22, 2022. What will be the criteria? Will there be a basic income tax threshold that must not be exceeded? At the moment, these issues have not yet been considered in arbitration. At this stage, several leads are on the table. In 2021, the Ministry of Economy defended the idea that the system be transferred to the Municipal Social Action Centers (CCAS), thus reaching 5 million beneficiaries, which was also presented by the citizens of the Civil Convention in its report.
Minister of Agriculture, he was more inclined to help “young people or families with children with low incomes” in the form of a check or a card. The idea is also supported by the MP of Paris, Munir Mahjubi, who defends a project close to that of Julien Denormandie.
Charities, they estimate the number of potential beneficiaries is much higher, at 8 million people. More than a million French people have used food banks since the start of the health crisis last March, according to a survey by the CSA Institute. “Having less than a million beneficiaries would be useless; the real goal is from six to eight million,” MP Munir Mahjubi said in an interview. Western France Spring 2021.
Will young people be the first beneficiaries of Emmanuel Macron’s food voucher? Agriculture Minister Julien Denormandie, invited by Jean-Jacques Bourdain on April 21, 2021, said he supported him, but indicated that the arbitration had not yet taken place. “We didn’t finish the job today,” he admitted, when decisions should have been made at the end of March. “Today, the number of people affected by this food inequality is 8 million. For me, the priority among them are young people, 18-25 years old.” He also let slip that there was a sum of 50 euros on the table.
Here, too, the list should soon be the subject of arbitration. In their report, Citizens of the Climate Convention defend a device that allows the purchase of “sustainable products (from agroecology, short circuits)”. “The term ‘sustainable’ is commonly used to refer to the 50% of foods that must be part of meals in a collective diet (…) under the EGALIM law,” we read.
“The LREM group offers meal vouchers (…) [qui] will allow the purchase of virtuous foods as stated in the Egalim law: fresh foods with a quality mark – organic type or labels – with the priority of fruits and vegetables,” Munir Mahjoubi explained to the regional daily newspaper Western France. “Opening up to other more expensive products will not necessarily be significant in the family basket. For us, 85% of the money invested will have to go back to the farmers. However, we are well aware that in some workers and urban areas that have little sales in the KZ or on the farm, it won’t work if we don’t work with big retailers.”
The scenario advocated by Bursi, which proposes that this competence be assigned to CCAS, is also in this vein. “Therefore, the state will pay for the difference between a normal food basket and a basket that meets the sustainability criteria (organic, red label, IGP, etc.) defined by the Egalim law of 2018,” can be read in Echo.