The least that can be said is that the participants in the social and solidarity economy (SES) have struggled to ensure that the sector participates in the presidential campaign. oneuh In March, Mutualité française convinced five contenders for the Élysée – Anne Hidalgo, Yannick Jadot, Valerie Pecresse and Fabien Roussel – to come and take part in the Grand Oral Competition and defend their projects there.
The Associative Movement did not stand aside either. It brought together six representatives of presidential candidates to listen to their proposals for public life and, more generally, on issues of solidarity, health, ecological transition or the opportunity to live.
Finally, let’s mention the lengthy process undertaken by the ECJ in France, which brings together the national organizations representing the various statutory forms of the ECJ (mutual funds, cooperatives, associations, etc.) as well as the regional chambers of the ECJ. Having christened the Republic of SSE, he began to lead on December 10, in the spring of 2021, after various contributions and debates, to concrete proposals.
ESS is especially present in the programs of the left. Almost never mentioned by the right and the extreme right.
Despite all these attempts to make its voice heard, SSE is not very active in the campaign. “His actors don’t make weapons”, jokes Timothy Duverger, an associate lecturer at Science Po Bordeaux and an expert in the field. But already before the war, and despite calls to build a “world after” the pandemic, SES was rarely mentioned in discussions. Guilt of the Left “historically weak”the researcher continues.
Because the ESS is especially present in the programs of the left. The right and the extreme right barely mention it. “Emmanuel Macron does not talk about it. Just like Marine Le Pen.”notes Timothy Duverger. Valerie Pekress simply points out that the relationship must “to take responsibility for sport and health and that we need to better recognize volunteerism”.
As for Eric Zemmour, he says he wants to impose sanctions against structures that fight discrimination, such as feminist and anti-racist associations. Could he go so far as to ban them? According to the researcher, this is a serious opportunity, since the polemicist suggests that militant associations should not be allowed to initiate proceedings in order to put an end to “the persecution they inflict”.
From the left side
For their part, all parties on the left are proposing to strengthen the SSE by increasing subsidies and giving it access to public markets. However, there is a serious division regarding the role of intermediary bodies and the state. Recalcitrant France would really like to nationalize some of the mutual insurance companies in the idea of a large social security system that reimburses 100% of health care costs.
The Communist Party plans to put an end to the 2014 law’s ability to obtain public service society (Esus) approval for social enterprise businesses. When Jean-Luc Mélenchon offers strong support to cooperatives – Scop, Scic and Cooperatives of Activity and Employment (CAE) – and public education associations, Fabien Roussel emphasizes the takeover of companies by cooperatives.
The programs of the Socialist Party and Europe Ecology-Green are the most ambitious in terms of the social and solidarity economy. Anne Hidalgo intends to dedicate a full-fledged ministry to the SSE and promote access to government contracts and “financing in general”, in particular through the State Investment Bank and a loan for social innovation in the style of a research tax credit – an idea proposed by ESS France. He also proposes to generalize “territories with zero long-term unemployment” (TZCLD) and develop a circular economy.
Yannick Jadot, for his part, highlights the contribution of SSE to the ecological transition. He also wishes to encourage the development of public procurement and civil finance, “like a fundraising run by Railcoop”the first railway company with the status of a cooperative, explains Timothy Duverger.
Another originality of the ecologist’s program is that he wants to develop intermediate living spaces between the house and Ehpad in a cooperative form – an idea that is also in line with the ESS France proposal.
What SSE Actors Want
While issues related to SES are easier to transfer to the regional and local level, the actors are not demobilized. The association movement did not fail to ask the six candidates polled if they were ready to terminate the Republican contract. The financial support created by Emmanuel Macron, combined with a training course for young people under 26, threatens the associative initiative, reminds its president, Claire Turi.
Associations must now sign this contract with the government in order to benefit from government subsidies or get approval. Thus, they undertake to respect the principles of the Republic. But the Association Movement fears indirect consequences for the associations, which, in order to challenge public opinion, play with codes, sometimes breaking the law, for example by taking seats that could be construed as a breach of public order. .
“All left-wing candidates are ready to abolish it, but not Les Républicains and La République en Marche.”she sums up. Five of the six movements (Socialist Party, European Ecology – The Greens, French Communist Party, Republicans and LREM) have also committed to developing a civil service, while La France insoumise proposes instead to create a system that is closer to employment. young. And they all promised to keep the gift regime with its tax benefits.
ESS France is calling for a conversion fund and a stronger social innovation tax credit.
ESS France, for its part, has formulated concrete proposals grouped under six key areas. Thus, the organization insists above all on the need for a “cross-sectoral view”, as its president, Jérôme Saddie, reminds us. This includes the appointment of a Minister Delegate or Secretary of State for the next Minister of Economy and Finance, in continuation of Olivia Grégoire’s current status.
Another orientation: to support citizen initiatives necessary for democracy and “strengthening accountability of public action”. Jérôme Saddie also insists that it would be necessary “promoting the conversion of the economy towards SSE”in particular by transforming traditional enterprises.
To this end, ESS France is calling for the creation of a conversion fund and an increased tax credit for social innovation. “by providing it with a stabilized tax definition of social innovation in accordance with the established law of July 31, 2014”. Since this system can only be used by companies that pay taxes, all those who are not taxed should be able to use direct assistance systems to support their social innovation initiatives.
ESS France is also campaigning to strengthen “the power to live the greatest number” and especially young people “what needs urgent support”, recalls Jerome Saddieu, in particular, opening up South Africa for them. In addition, the organization insists on the right to employment, also relying on the TZCDL and the ecological transition. She would like to finally see a European definition of SSE.
As Jérôme Saddier points out, the 2020 recovery plan has not lived up to the promises made during the pandemic to create a “world after” and transform the economy. It’s not too late yet.