Huge new NASA budget proposed by the White House

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In the United States, the lengthy budget process for fiscal year 2023 has begun. As a reminder, the American fiscal year covers the period from 1uh October of the year N-1 to September 30 of the year N. After inquiry belonging NASA Detailing its needs, the White House presented its 2023 budget to Congress. This budget is only a proposal. Now the Senate and the House of Representatives will have to find a consensus on the text of the budget (theoretically before September 30), which will then be submitted for final approval by the executive branch.

Return to the Moon in 2025

Not surprisingly, the budget plans to reinforce U.S. dominance in many areas, including, not surprisingly, manned flights and explore. In a race with China to secure a permanent foothold in moonNASA wants to take advantage of its Artemis program. The Biden administration plans to spend $7.6 billion on exploration, which it says is enough to get Americans back on the moon as early as 2025. We do not share the optimism: $1.5 billion is planned for exploration. lunar landers Artemis.

Although one might think that duration life international space station be reduced by unprecedented crisis space relations between Westerners, Japanese and Russians are going through, the Biden administration still plans to use it until 2030. $224 million planned to help the US private sector launch a development and implementation service commercial space stations to start the transition from the ISS and not leave the United States without a “home” in orbit short. While still in low orbit, the United States is taking low orbit economic development very seriously, with plans to allocate some $1.6 billion there to help research and develop technologies that could be used for a range of new activities. doesn’t exist yet. Future prospects for this LEO Centre promise commercial opportunities and a wide range of new activities. They are taking on the appearance of a new space race – this time commercial and even faster than the race of the 1960s – that Europe and the European Space Agency seem to have already lost.

Unprecedented Earth Observation Missions

In the field of science, about 8 billion dollars (7,988 exactly) could be spent. $2.4 billion planned for geosciences with further development of GeoCarb missions (geostationary observatory carbon), Observatory of Absolute Brightness and Refraction Weather CLARREO-Pathfinder and PACE. This unprecedented mission will be able to collect radiometric and polarimetric measurements of the ocean andatmospherefrom which ocean, environmental and biogeochemical data, as well as data on clouds and particles aerosols.

Missions carried out as part of Nisar’s international cooperation with India and swot with France are also getting stronger. Nisar is a satelliteearth observation who will launch the radar for the first time in introductory summary who will use two frequencies different radars: L band and S band. As for Swot, this is a satellitealtimetry new generation, which corresponds to the continuity Jason-1-2-3. This mission is designed to study the topography of the oceans and continental surface waters, lakes and rivers, debit rivers, and to determine in a way that is both very subtle and very precise ocean level.

For planetary sciences, that would be $3.16 billion. All planned missions will be funded. Make it a Mars sample return mission MSRViper, which aims to detect water at the base of the South Pole of the Moon, or Europe Clipper heading for the moon Europa Jupiter. As for missions related to asteroids and planetary defense dart and NEO-Surveyor, they are also funded.

Space observatories will answer fascinating questions

In space sciences, $1.556 billion is being proposed for the construction of the Nancy Grace observatory in Rome, which is to determine fate of the universe (among others), SPHEREx, for study origin of the universe and life And space telescope gamma for study the evolution of the Milky Way (Kozy). It should be noted that the budget proposes the closure of the Stratospheric Observatory mission for astronomy. infrared (Sofia), in accordance with the conclusions of the ten-year review about its low scientific productivity.

Heliophysics, Earth-Sun Relations and Influence Sun in solar system not forgotten since 760 million. Multiple missions will be supported. Budget supports improvement efforts weather forecast spatial.

We often forget about it, but NASA is not only about space. It is also an agency that works in the field of aviation. Approximately $970 million has been planned, including $500 to reduce the impact of aviation on climate and initiate or enhance the development of technology needed for Zero Aircraft. episode. Programs X-59 (supersonic aircraft) and X-57 (electric aircraft) reinforced.

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