RAMADAN. Ramadan began on April 2, 2022 in France. From rules to dates and times, here are the answers to key questions about fasting month in France…
- The Muslim fasting month of Ramadan 2022 began on Saturday 2 April for the 4-5 million Muslims in France.
- According to astronomical calculations based on the Islamic lunar calendar, the month of Ramadan 1443 should last until Monday 2 May.
- The Night of Doubt at the end of Ramadan, scheduled for May 1, should allow for an official date for the end of the month of fasting.
- Here are answers to some key questions about Ramadan.
Questions and answers
What is “Imsak”?
“Imsak” can literally be translated as “refrain”. This term refers to the period during which the believer prepares for fasting before the “suhoor” (morning meal). Imsak actually consists of a sort of safety margin: for the few minutes that it lasts, you can still eat and drink… before stopping for the whole day.
Fasting month of Ramadan: what does “Tarawih” mean?
During the month of Ramadan, Muslims are encouraged to read the Quran in full. Therefore, an additional session of common prayers (taraweeh) is established. It takes place in the evening, in mosques and only at this time of the year.
Is Ramadan a holy month for believers?
The month of Ramadan, which is one of the five pillars of Islam, is not a holy month for Muslims. This period is blessed for believers, but four other months are considered “sacred”: Muharram (1st), Rajab (7th), Dhul Qida (11th) and Dhul Hijah (12th). Thus, it is even more important for practitioners to maintain good behavior during these months. In the month of Muharram, Muslims celebrate the Hijra; Rajab celebrates Muhammad’s night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem; during dhul-kid hostilities are prohibited; and during Dhul-Hijj, a pilgrimage to Mecca is made.
Ramadan 2022: Are Sexual Relations Banned for the Whole Month?
The answer is no: if they are prohibited during the day of fasting, Ramadan practitioners can have sexual intercourse from the moment the specified fast is broken, that is, after sunset.
Does fasting Ramadan rhyme with weight loss?
Unfortunately for those who thought they would lose weight before summer, it is generally accepted that the month of Ramadan is the period during which practitioners put on a few pounds. The daily diet is often accompanied by a decrease in activity. In combination with frequent heavy meals in the evening and at night, just before bedtime, Ramadan does not contribute to weight loss.
How do Muslims live in countries where the sun almost never sets to celebrate Ramadan?
The question may seem trivial, but it is not so much: in some countries, for a whole part of the year, the sun almost stops setting. This is the case in a Scandinavian country such as Finland, where the sun sets about one hour per 24-hour cycle at certain times of the year. According to the texts, reports Cnews.fr, “one who lives in a country where the sun does not set in summer and does not rise in winter, or lives in a country where the day lasts six months and the night is the same, must perform five prayers every twenty-four hours . They should establish the times of prayers approximately according to the position of the nearest country where the times of the prescribed prayers can be discerned.”
Can we shower or bathe on the day of Ramadan?
According to the specialized association “Havre de savoir”, taking a bath or shower during fasting is allowed because “The Prophet poured water on his head to refresh himself and quench his thirst.” However, the same source points out that the fastest must be very careful not to swallow the water.
To learn more
Thus, the beginning of Ramadan 2022 (1443) was scheduled for Saturday, April 2, 2022 in France. This was announced on April 1 by the Grand Mosque of Paris in a press release. According to a March 13 press release distributed by the franceinfo group, the CFCM (French Council of the Muslim Faith), the representative body of Islam in France, previously announced the astronomical start date for the month of Ramadan as follows: According to scientific data, the new moon conjunction of Ramadan 1443 AH will occur on April 1, 2022 year at 06:24 hours (UTC). The visibility of the Moon will be possible on the same day on the American continent and part of the African continent, ”the authority said in a statement. As a result, “Saturday 2 April 2022 is the first day of Ramadan in 1443 AH”.
The Mosque of Paris has confirmed the astronomical date of Ramadan 2022 (1443) in France after observing the Moon on the Night of Doubt. You should know that in France two methods of determining the beginning of the month of Ramadan coexist: traditional moon observation and astronomical calculations. In its March 15 press release entitled “Announcement of the Blessed Month of Ramadan”, the Coordination of National Muslim Federations (FFAICA, GMP, MF and RMF) meeting at the Grand Mosque of Paris reported that the two methods are “complementary”. On this occasion, it was specified that during the “Night of Doubts” “The Theological Commission of Coordination (…) will take into account the results of the work on the adoption of scientific calculations and universal astronomical data to determine the beginning and end of the blessed month of Ramadan.”
During the month of fasting, Muslims perform five prayers a day: fair, zuhr, asser, maghrib and icha. The Ramadan calendar allows you to know the time of the considered prayers.
Regarding the representation of Muslims in France, an important change took place in March 2021 when there was a split between the French Council of the Muslim Faith, the institution representing the Muslim faith in France, and its four former Muslim federations (the famous FFAIACA, GMP, MF and RMF). After that thunderclap in the sky of Islam in France, CFCM is once again relying on scientific evidence to formalize Ramadan dates weeks in advance. it’s the same working method it is followed by the Muslim Theological Council of France (CTMF, a body of imams especially close to the Muslim Brotherhood, but not replacing representative bodies).
In another recent twist, the four dissident CFCM federations established their “National Council of Imams” at the end of November 2021. The Élysée Palace made this request to the CFCM in autumn 2020 as part of the fight against radicalism and “separatism”. Thus, the four federations that have gained independence want to “tag” the imams practicing in France themselves, a role that the CFCM is already contesting, according to 20 Minutes.