Presidential: Comparison of programs on climate, instability and SES. Photo credit: Carenews.
The first round of presidential elections is approaching. This Sunday, April 10, the French and the French will have to choose a social project among twelve programs of candidates. The drafting group focuses on three main themes that we believe are important to the engagement sector: climate, the fight against instability and SES.
Flagship measures for climate
Climate is a cross-cutting issue for many social issues. The editors identified four topics: food, biodiversity, energy and finance.
Energy, and nuclear in particular, is the topic most opposed by candidates. with those who want to get out of it and develop renewable energy sources to achieve carbon neutrality – this is the case of Anne Hidalgo, Yannick Jadot, Jean-Luc Mélenchon and Philippe Putou – and those who, on the other hand, on the contrary, expect the development of the nuclear industry to reduce greenhouse gas emissions – like Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, Jean Lassalle, Marine Le Pen, Emmanuel Macron, Valerie Pecresse, Fabien Roussel and Eric Zemmour.
Against, When it comes to food, most seem to agree on the urgent need to democratize access to healthy and sustainable food for all. Offers range from 0% VAT on organic products for an environmental candidate, to experiments with a green food check for the mayor of Paris, or even 100% organic and local produce in school canteens for Jean-Luc Mélenchon.
How to finance this ecological transition? Three candidates are running in favor of ISF climatea tax on wealth, the purpose of which is to exceed taxes on polluting wealth.
What measures to combat unreliability?
Some candidates address the problem of instability in their programs. The editorial united three main themes of the fight against poverty: energy poverty (home renovations, energy vouchers), the ability to live (minimum wage, wages, RSA and citizen income) and student poverty (student income, study funding). .
The component of the strength to live is one of the main themes that emerged during this campaign. What do the various candidates propose to combat instability and increase the purchasing power of the French? Six candidates, mostly from the political left, propose raise the minimum wage. Ann Hidalgo wants a 15% increase “within 1446 net”. Fabien Roussel and Yannick Jadot promise 1,500 euros, while Nathalie Artaud offers the highest surcharge up to 2,000 euros. Each has its own economic strategy for financing this proposal.
Another topic that has caused a lot of noise is RSA.. Fabien Roussel wants to make it available to those under 25, while Jean Lassalle proposes a “young RSA based on income criteria or training. »
Three candidates want to condition this on 15 or 20 hours of activity: Valerie Pecresse, Emmanuel Macron and Nicolas Dupont-Aignan.
Several candidates mention creation of citizen’s income. For Jean-Luc Mélenchon, this minimum monthly income would be equivalent to a “poverty line of 1,063 euros”. Valerie Pekress proposes to create a “young active income of 670 euros per month. “Philippe Putu wants to set” a minimum monthly income of 1,800 euros net. »
6 candidates position themselves on ESS
UDES, the union of employers of the social and solidarity economy, hosted the representatives of the six candidates for the presidency of the Republic, namely Valerie Pecresse, Anne Hidalgo, Emmanuel Macron, Jean-Luc Mélenchon, Fabien Roussel and Yannick Jadot. Here are their main actions (not exhaustive) regarding the sector’s problems.
- Valerie Pekress offers, among other things, “great law” on old age and home care, and the development of profit sharing and participation in SSE companies.
- Several candidates are in favor of the appointment full minister of the SSE like Anne Hidalgo, Yannick Jadot, Jean-Luc Mélenchon and Fabien Roussel, suggests placing “ SSE at the inter-ministerial level with the Prime Minister. »
- The vast majority of them want generalize experiments “ Zero long-term unemployed territories. »
- and subjects access to public procurement and VAT reduction on circular economy products are also included in several programs.
Christina Diego and Lisa Domeruge