In order to facilitate access to voting for people with disabilities, the Electoral Code has been amended in recent years. From accessible polling booths to being escorted, check out this article to learn about the options and devices available to people with disabilities who want to vote in 2022.
With presidential and legislative elections approaching, it is important that every citizen knows their voting rights. There are many devices that make it easier for people with disabilities to vote. First of all, keep in mind that ensuring that people with disabilities can effectively exercise their rights is one of the tasks of the Ministry of the Interior and that accessibility of technical polling stations to people with disabilities, regardless of the type of disability, is an established obligation. Electoral code for public services.
According to article L.62-2 of the Electoral Code, polling stations must have at least one voting booth accessible to people in wheelchairs. Likewise, the ballot box must be accessible to them. The chairman of the polling station should take any useful measure to facilitate the process of independent voting for people with disabilities.
The most notable development in recent years is the granting of the right to vote to all adults with mental disorders. Until now, these people, usually under guardianship, have been deprived of the right to vote by court order. But article 11 of the law of March 23, 2019 on programming for 2018-2022 and the reform of justice canceled the said decision contained in article 5 of the Electoral Code. From now on, these people can vote, provided that they apply (by asking to be registered in the electoral rolls of their municipality in the prescribed manner).
There is also the same proxy option as for other voters: if a protected adult decides to vote at the ballot box, he must personally exercise his right to vote; if, on the contrary, he prefers to vote by proxy, the person responsible for the safeguards cannot be his representative to vote in his stead. In addition, on voting day, judicial police officers may leave at the request of persons who, due to serious illness or disability, are obviously unable to leave. If they wish to avail themselves of this assistance, the request to travel home must be made in writing and accompanied by a simple sworn statement stating that the voter is clearly unable to travel.
For people with a certain physical disability that prevents them from putting their ballot in an envelope and putting it in the ballot box, there is the possibility of physical assistance in voting. This is Article L.64 of the Electoral Code, which allows them to have the assistance of a voter of their choice, the latter need not be registered in the same polling station or in the same municipality. However, it should be noted that these cannot be legal representatives for their protection and persons who receive them, intervene or care for them in institutions, whether social, medico-social or medical, as well as persons working in their service.
This voter’s assistant may enter the voting booth together with the person he is assisting and may drop the envelope into the ballot box instead. In addition, if a disabled person cannot sign the turnout list alone, that voter can sign instead of himself with a handwritten note “voter cannot sign himself”, and this is always in accordance with Article 64 of the Electoral Code.
Statements of faith submitted by candidates in the context of presidential and legislative elections are commonly available online in a dematerialized format. This year it is planned that these professions will be presented online in “easy to read and understand” language and accompanied by an audio description device.
For presidential elections, confessions of faith are posted on the website of the National Commission for the Control of the Presidential Campaign (NCCCEP). For legislative elections, they are on the Home Office website online on the Home Office website. In addition, please note that a complete guide for use by organizers of polls on the accessibility of the electoral process for people with disabilities is available on the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health.