This year marks the 110th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic. The wreckage of the ocean liner still lies at the bottom of the ocean. List of planned activities and a summary of the disaster.
[Mis à jour le 11 avril 2022 à 10h28] Thursday 14 April marks the sad 110th anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic. Then the liner collided with an iceberg and sank in the depths of the ocean in less than three hours. A shipwreck in which about 1,520 people died. The wreckage of the Titanic today lies under water at a depth of 3821 meters. However, according to the magazine Géo environnement, by 2030 it may completely disappear: marine microorganisms have been eating it for more than a century.
Various cultural events are organized on the occasion of the 110th anniversary. Target ? Enlighten the curious on the mysteries and legend of the Titanic. Here is a partial list of these events:
- TV channel Paris premiere offers an evening dedicated to the liner on April 14 with the film “Atlantic Latitude 41°” at 21:00, followed by the documentary “Titanic: Birth of a Legend” at 23:25.
- Chain RMC broadcast April 1 “Titanic: Anatomy of a Giant, on RMC replay”. The program is still available for free streaming on RMC Découverte a few days after broadcast.
- publishing house Harper Collins book released April 6th In the depths of the Titanic Paul Henri Narjolet.
- Magazine Geo History published an article on March 8, “April 14, 1912: The Sinking of the Titanic as Reported in the Newspapers of the Time,” exploring the subject from a completely new perspective.
- Creation of the Titanic Museum in Auvergne Planned. It will be called Immediate Landing, will be located in Vichy and will be the first museum specifically dedicated to the Titanic in France. Initiated by this project, Aymeric Le Guisquet, a chef by training, is an avid collector of the liner.
- Science and Leisure Park Cité de la Mer, opened in Cherbourg “Titanic Space” in 2012, on the occasion of the centenary of the sinking. The proposed exhibitions and reconstructions allow you to immerse yourself in the universe of the Belle Époque and discover the equipment, organization, as well as the hierarchy of classes inside the liner.
It was one of the largest ocean liners of its time. The Titanic sank in 1912 So It is he bound for New York from Southampton on her maiden voyage. The sinking was due to a collision with an iceberg. Although it happened more than a century ago, this maritime disaster still excites souls. : This the most important non-war periods and the most serious at the beginning of the 20th century. The film of the same name by James Cameron, which had a huge commercial success, again drew attention to this tragic story.
The Titanic sank on the night of April 14-15, 1912.
650 km southeast of Newfoundland.
An iceberg tore the hull of the starboard liner. The waterway thus created below the waterline quickly led to the flooding of the first five compartments of the ship. A shipwreck was then inevitable, because the liner could only float if a maximum of four compartments were filled with water. Recent hypotheses point to a fire that deformed and weakened the hull of the boat at the point of impact with the iceberg before it sailed.
At 11:40 p.m. on April 14, 1912, the watchman signaled that the iceberg was heading straight ahead. Thirty-seven seconds later, an iceberg ruptures the hull, and water enters five compartments. The passage on deck E was soon flooded with water. At 23:50, the bow of the ship was already submerged by 4 meters. At 00:30 on April 15, water gushed down the front grand staircase. At 1:40 the 1st class hall was flooded. At 2:17 a.m., the footbridge was flooded with water. At 2:19 the liner broke into two parts. At 2:20 the stern also sank.
It is estimated that the sinking of the Titanic would have cost death about 1500 people. More than three-quarters of the crew members were injured. 3rd class passengers suffer the most (75% of victims), while 1st class passengers account for only 40% of deaths. These figures must be compared: 75% of women of all categories combined survived the flood, and half of the children died. In total, 62.2% of passengers died during the flood.
Michel Navratil, who was 3 years old at the time of the sinking, says: “My father came into our cabin while we were sleeping. He dressed me very warmly. […]. A stranger did the same to my brother. When I think about it now, I am very touched. They knew they were going to die.” Daisy Minahan, 33, explains: “The Titanic sank quickly. After he disappeared under the water, the screams were terrible. Anna Sofia Turja, an 18-year-old Finnish girl, talks about the fear and helplessness of survivors in the face of people dying in icy water: “They were in the water, and we could not help them…”.
It’s pretty easy to find a list of Titanic survivors compiled by Reuters in New York a few days after the sinking. The newspaper Le Matin in Paris published the names of the survivors on 17 April 1912. A copy of this edition is available online. However, this list contains duplicate names. The Le Bouquinovore website has posted a list that even lists their ticket price and their work.
The wreck of the Titanic was discovered by Jean-Louis Michel of Ifremer and Dr. Robert Ballard of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution on September 1, 1985. Out of respect for the dead, they did not collect any items. In the year of the centenary of the sinking, in 2012, UNESCO placed the wreck of the Titanic under the protection of the Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage in order to protect it from looting. However, the damage has been done, and researchers estimate that there will be no debris by 2050.
- May 31, 1911 – the grand opening of the largest ocean liner in the world.
- On this day in Belfast, Ireland, in front of more than 100,000 people, the opening ceremony of the Titanic, which at that time was the largest ocean liner in the world, took place. To start the ship will have to use several tons of grease and soap. According to superstition, he was not baptized with champagne. Following a successful launch, a feast of French gastronomy is held at the Grand Central Hotel in Belfast.
- April 14, 1912 – the sinking of the Titanic.
- At 23:45, the British liner Titanic collides with an iceberg off the coast of Newfoundland in the North Atlantic. From the impact, a hole 90 meters long will be formed, which goes forward to the midships. The largest and most luxurious ship in the world (269 meters), the flagship of the White Star Shipping Company, has been declared unsinkable. However, after a few hours, he drowns in the ocean. The disaster killed 1,513 people, mostly men and third-class passengers who were unable to board the lifeboats. With 2,224 passengers aboard the Titanic, there are only 1,178 canoes. Motor ship “Karpatia” will save 711 people per night. The Titanic left Southampton in England on April 10 and was due to arrive in New York on the 16th.
- February 26, 1914 – launch of the Britannic.
- Third in line after the Olympic and Titanic, the Gigantic was finally renamed the Britannic. Refined based on lessons learned from the sinking of the Titanic, the Britannic is touted as the safest and most luxurious ship. She was launched at Belfast on 26 February 1914 but was never used commercially because she was requisitioned by the Royal Navy on 4 August as a hospital ship at the height of the First World War. After two years of service, she sank on November 21, 1916 in the Aegean Sea.
- September 1, 1985 – The Titanic is rediscovered.
- Seventy-three years after the sinking of the Titanic, a Franco-American team discovered its wreckage submerged to a depth of 3,800 meters off the coast of Newfoundland. A British luxury liner thought to be indestructible sank after colliding with an iceberg, killing more than 1,500 people. In 1987, it was explored by the French remote-controlled submarine Nautile, which would deliver, among others, silverware and jewelry.
- January 7, 1998 – French release of Titanic.
- The most expensive film in the history of cinema (over $200 million) hits French screens three weeks after its release in America. It will be seen by more than 20 million people in France and will be the first film to cross the billion dollar mark at the worldwide box office. Titanic will bring its director James Cameron and Century Fox $1.2 billion in revenue and 11 Hollywood Oscars.