pension, South Africa, purchasing power… Summary


MACRON PROGRAM. From pension reform to education, including the goal of full employment by 2027, Emmanuel Macron has focused his presidential campaign on a few important indicators. Here are the key points of Emmanuel Macron’s agenda for this 2022 presidential election.

Presidential results near you

[Mis à jour le 11 avril 2022 à 16h20] Emmanuel Macron will attend the rendezvous of the second round of the presidential election. The outgoing president qualified with 27.84% of the vote, according to Interior Ministry figures released on Monday, April 11, the day after the first round. Emmanuel Macron to meet Marine Le Pen againa campaign between two rounds that promises to be more uncertain than in 2017.

During the express campaign before the first round, the LREM candidate laid out several proposals, some of which sparked debate: raising the statutory retirement age to 65, or linking the RSA payment to integration activities from 15 to 20 hours. a week is part of that. In terms of purchasing power, a topic he detailed on Sunday night in his first-round speech as a kind of catch-up or awareness-raising, Emmanuel Macron seemed less active than his rival Marine Le Pen, who made her the key to his success. . trends in recent weeks.

The main point, detailed by Emmanuel Macron in his program, is the tripling of the exceptional purchasing power bonus. This bonus, also called the PEPA bonus, is distributed by employers to their employees on a voluntary basis. It could rise from 1,000 euros to 3,000 euros if candidate Macron is re-elected. Its program is public and fully available online and can be found below, but you can find a summary of the topics below.

What is Macron’s plan for pensions?

This is one of the most controversial points on Emmanuel Macron’s agenda, and undoubtedly the most commented upon since he entered the election campaign: the pension reform he failed to complete in his five-year term. Emmanuel Macron this time aims for a different reform, which can be summarized in a few points.

  • pay-as-you-go system retained
  • Gradual deferment of the statutory retirement age to 65 years with an addition of 4 months per year from 2023 to 2032. A person born in 1961 could retire at age 62 years and 4 months in 2023 or 2024 versus 62 for a person born in 1961 and was called to retire in 2023. The generation born in 1969 will retire at 65.
  • “taking into account a long career” and “the reality of work and tasks”, i.e. a way of recognizing difficulties, but through “individualized” factors.
  • Increase the minimum full pension to 1100 euros per month.

What is Macron’s plan for South Africa?

Emmanuel Macron has announced several employment and professional integration measures, but one of them has mostly attracted attention: linking the RSA payment to integration activities.

  • Thus, the activated solidarity income, RSA, will depend on the achievement of 15-20 hours of activity per week for the purpose of professional integration.
  • “RSA comes from RMI. We forgot about it, but this is the “i” of integration. There is an idea that you had to work to fit in (…). We can’t say “we pay RSA”. but we don’t accompany him,” he defended himself in the face of controversy during an interview with M6 at the end of March. “I’m not pro-slavery,” he joked, before clarifying that if those hours were “work,” they “would be paid at least the minimum wage.”

What is the Macron Program for Employment and Jobs?

In addition to the RSA, Emmanuel Macron has unveiled several measures with one goal: full employment in 2027. Recall, according to the International Labor Organization (ILO), full employment is achieved when the unemployment rate is below 5%.

  • Transformation of Pôle emploi into a “general store” called France Travail to simplify procedures and limit the number of interlocutors.
  • Continued reform of unemployment insurance.
  • Time-saving account reform to turn it into a portable and versatile device. This will allow you to select vacation and RTT or place them in an account to use them for retirement or get paid for them.
  • Social benefits will be paid directly into the beneficiaries’ bank account with the dual purpose of fighting fraud and helping beneficiaries get the assistance they are entitled to. “I want to help all the French who do not have access to this help when they are entitled to it, because it is too difficult or too many steps,” he concluded. We are talking about assistance such as RSA, activity bonus, as well as family allowances.
  • Development of vocational education in higher education.

What is the Macron Program for Purchasing Power?

In the face of Marine Le Pen, who made it at the center of her campaign, and in the face of opinion polls that put the topic of purchasing power as the main issue for the French vote in the first round (source: Ipsos – Sopra Steria for Radio France, France Télévisions, France24/RFI/MCD, Public Sénat/LCP National Assembly and Le Parisien – Today in France), Emmanuel Macron seems to have digressed from the topic of purchasing power. The candidate, however, mentioned this point extensively in his speech after the first round and should elaborate on his proposals. Here are the highlights:

  • Triple the exclusive purchasing power bonus, the Macron Bonus free of charge and without taxes, to increase it to a maximum amount of 6,000 euros.
  • Maintaining “if prices continue to rise” rebate of 18 cents / liter of fuel launched in April.

Macron’s program on taxes and taxation

  • Increasing the inheritance tax credit by increasing it to EUR 150,000 for a child and EUR 100,000 for other family members.
  • Elimination of the TV license fee of 138 euros per year.

Macron program on ecology

With regard to ecology and the environment, Emmanuel Macron intends to combine this topic with the imperatives generated by the war in Ukraine: ensuring the energy independence of France.

  • To do this, it aims to strengthen the mix through the development of nuclear, solar and wind power, as well as the construction of six new next-generation nuclear power plants and the development of fifty offshore wind farms by 2050.
  • Introduction of a carbon tax at the borders of Europe.
  • Proposal for an electric car leasing system for low-income households.
  • Promote energy savings by renovating 700,000 homes a year.

Macron health program

From point of view health, and after a five-year deadline marked by the Covid-19 health crisis, Emmanuel Macron is promising a “massive reinforcement” in medical deserts and a new distribution of simple tasks to allow doctors to free up time: nurses and pharmacists could, for example, renew prescriptions. There are also the following suggestions:

  • At nursing homes, Macron is promising to hire 50,000 caregivers and nurses.
  • Recruitment plan for paramedics and nurses in the hospital.
  • Complete and free health screening at a key age (25, 45 and 60 years old)
  • The development of teleconsultation.
  • Better regulate the installation of doctors throughout the territory.
  • Move drug production to France.

Macron Education Program

The outgoing president wants to make school a priority for his second five-year term.

  • An increase in the hours of so-called fundamental subjects: French and mathematics in primary and 6th grades and the return of mathematics to the general core in high school.
  • Increased exercise hours: 30 minutes per day in elementary school and another 2 hours of physical education per week in college.
  • Raising teacher salaries against “new missions”. They must be determined during the consultation.
  • Greater autonomy of institutions, greater freedom in the recruitment of professors.
  • Occupational awareness and orientation: “All children will discover, from 5th to 3rd, several occupations, including technical and manual ones.”
  • Transformation of the vocational school on the model of apprenticeship by turning it into a “path of excellence”. More internships in companies (+50%) and remuneration for these periods.

Macron Program for Culture

Emmanuel Macron admits in the preamble of his program: “Too many citizens do not have access to culture.”

  • Development of a cultural pass in the amount of 500 euros for all 18-year-olds.
  • The library is open in the evenings and on Sundays.
  • Investment in the French creative and cultural industry through an investment fund with 200 million euros, which is used to support creativity through public commissions and protect copyright and related rights.

Security, inequality… Other measures of the Macron program

  • To become an independent nation, the La République en Marche candidate relies on France’s ability to defend itself and plans to strengthenarmy make it more adaptable to new challenges and new dangers. He also promises to continue increasing the Department of Defense budget, as he did during his first five-year term. Independence is also the ability to satisfy one’s own needs for food, energy, health and other needs through improved production, agricultural and industrial policies.
  • O society Together, the President’s ambition is to tackle social inequality at its root, he also strives to better integrate people with disabilities, in particular children with disabilities, into school by improving the situation of those who accompany students with disabilities. He again makes equality between men and women the goal of his program with better care for the health of women, such as the program for endometriosis, and single-parent families, often women, with a doubling of care.
  • Republican Pact Unite Blinds Reforms safe, judicial and administrative. Significant recruitment is envisaged through the creation of 200 gendarmerie brigades, an increase in the police force, and the recruitment of 8,500 magistrates throughout France. The pact will provide, among other things, the simplification of procedures, the reduction of file processing time and the verification of the effectiveness of penalties. The administration will also undergo a “drastic simplification”.

The full program of Emmanuel Macron in PDF

If you want to get more details and see all the measures proposed by candidate Emmanuel Macron, they are available online on his campaign website. Find his confession of faith here and his detailed program (24 pages) here.

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