RSA, retirement, Macron Prize… Highlights

MACRON PROGRAM. Emmanuel Macron has focused his presidential campaign on several strong markers, including his desire to complete pension reform with a gradual increase in the age of majority to 65. Purchasing power, ecology, education… These are the key points of Emmanuel Macron’s program.

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[Mis à jour le 11 avril 2022 à 07h50] Emmanuel Macron, who has qualified for the second round of the presidential election with about 27% of the vote according to the latest estimates released on Sunday evening and awaiting official results, will start campaigning against Marine Le Pen between the two rounds, as he did in 2017. But what are the most important points of his program for the second five-year plan?

During the express campaign before the first round, the LREM candidate laid out several proposals, some of which sparked debate: raising the statutory retirement age to 65, or linking the RSA payment to integration activities from 15 to 20 hours. a week is part of that. On purchasing power, a topic he touched on Sunday night in his first-round speech on Sunday night, Emmanuel Macron seemed less active than rival Marine Le Pen, who has made her the key to her momentum in the past few weeks.

The main point, detailed by Emmanuel Macron in his program, is the tripling of the exceptional purchasing power bonus. This bonus, also called the PEPA bonus, is distributed by employers to their employees on a voluntary basis. It could rise from 1,000 euros to 3,000 euros if candidate Macron is re-elected. His program is public and fully available online and can be found below.

Regarding pension reform, Emmanuel Macron says he has changed his draft since 2017, but confirms the deferment of adulthood up to 65 years at the same time, indicating “taking into account a long career” and “the reality of professions and tasks.” He argues that, according to the OECD, the postponement of retirement goes hand in hand with the increase in the activity of older people, as it forces companies to adapt.

In terms of energy, he assures us that France can become “the first great country to emerge from independence from gas and coal” by betting on energy balance of nuclear and renewable energy. He also advocates for energy conservation and energy repairs of 700,000 houses per year in addition to popularizing the use of electric vehicles by launching an electric vehicle leasing system for low-income households.. The issue inevitably leads to climate, and in this issue the candidate is pleased that greenhouse gas emissions have fallen twice as fast as expected.

The outgoing president wants to make school a priority for his second five-year term. On fundamental subjects he intends increase the number of French and math hours in elementary and sixth grades, but also include mathematics in the general core in high school. Emmanuel Macron intends to continue duplication of classes in priority education, expanding it from CE2 to CM2. He also wants increase the number of hours of training with 30 minutes a day in elementary school from the start of the next school year and 2 extra hours of PE every week in college.

As for the teachers, two weeks after the presentation of his program and speech, which they considered cruel, this time he made them applaud. Even if the candidate said that he was against a general increase, he said that he was ready allocate twelve billion euros over five yearsto better pay teachers. Thus, Emmanuel Macron wants to conclude a “contract” with them: teachers will receive allowances if they accept “new missions”, which will be determined during a consultation at the beginning of the five-year term. The candidate also insisted on teachers who would be “freersuggest, innovate, experiment, try other methods in the classroom and be able to share them.” Teachers will also be “free of their careers”, they will be “free to choose an institution for their sole teaching project and extract themselves from the geographic movements that sometimes define their place of residence”.

Emmanuel Macron focused his efforts on work and training. He wants to develop the autonomy of the universities and, above all, to speed up research in order to make France attractive in this sector. Vocational training can be more numerous and more open to companies that offer quality training and ensure that students quickly integrate into the world of work. Pôle emploi is also concerned about this reform and will be transformed into “France travail”, that is, the pooling of all skills to better support job seekers. Another reform in the same vein as South Africa: Emmanuel Macron wants to introduce payment of RSA in exchange for the obligation to continue working from 15 to 20 hours opportunity for professional integration.

The outgoing president admits in the preamble of his program: “Too many citizens do not have access to culture.” Thus he proposescreate a cultural pass worth 500 euros for all 18 year olds” and “dopen libraries in the evening and on Sundays. In addition, for Emmanuel Macron, “the international influence of our creative life is fizzling out.” Therefore, he plans to “invest in the French creative and cultural industry by creating a special investment fund of 200 million euros” by supporting creativity through public artistic commissions, protecting copyright and related rights. Faced with competition from platforms, the head of state is betting on a strategy different from that of competitors: “create conditions for the emergence “European Netflix” showcasing the best of European cinema and series.”

From point of view health, Emmanuel Macron promises “massive reinforcements” in medical deserts and a new distribution of simple tasks to allow doctors to free up time: nurses and pharmacists could, for example, renew a prescription. In nursing homes, Macron’s program promises to hire 50,000 caregivers and nurses.

  • To become an independent nation, the La République en Marche candidate relies on France’s ability to defend itself and plans to strengthenarmy make it more adaptable to new challenges and new dangers. He also promises to continue increasing the Department of Defense budget, as he did during his first five-year term. Independence is also the ability to satisfy one’s own needs for food, energy, health and other needs through improved production, agricultural and industrial policies.
  • O society Together, the President’s ambition is to tackle social inequality at its root, he also strives to better integrate people with disabilities, in particular children with disabilities, into school by improving the situation of those who accompany students with disabilities. He has again made gender equality a goal of his program with more effective management of women’s health, such as in his program on endometriosis, and single-parent families, who are often women.
  • Republican Pact Unite Blinds Reforms safe, judicial and administrative. Significant recruitment is envisaged through the creation of 200 gendarmerie brigades, an increase in the police force, and the recruitment of 8,500 magistrates throughout France. The pact will provide, among other things, the simplification of procedures, the reduction of file processing time and the verification of the effectiveness of penalties. The administration will also undergo a “drastic simplification”.

If you want to get more details and see all the measures proposed by candidate Emmanuel Macron, they are available online on his campaign website. Find his program here.

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